Yudhoyono Keeps Favorites in New Indonesian Cabinet (Update1)
By Achmad Sukarsono and Naila Firdausi
Oct. 22 (Bloomberg) — Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono retained Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati and Trade Minister Mari Pangestu when he named his second-term cabinet late yesterday, in a move likely to reassure investors.
Sri Mulyani and Pangestu, along with Vice President Boediono, the former head of the central bank, are “most favored by the markets,” said Winang Budoyo, an economist at PT Bank CIMB Niaga.
Investor optimism that Yudhoyono’s election victory heralds a period of rapid economic growth for the nation of 240 million people helped make Indonesian stocks Asia’s best performers this year. Moody’s Investors Service last month raised its rating on the country’s debt to the highest in more than a decade after the government steered the economy through the global downturn that dragged Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore into recession.
Indonesia’s gross domestic product expanded 4 percent in the three months ended June 30 and 4.4 percent in the preceding quarter. The Jakarta Composite Index has more than doubled this year, the biggest gain in Asia and lagging behind only Peru, Brazil and Russia globally.
Yudhoyono has pledged to bring growth above 7 percent, from an average 5.1 percent this decade. Indonesia wants to be included among the so-called BRIC nations of Brazil, Russia, India and China, Emil Salim, a presidential adviser, has said. China’s economy expanded 7.9 percent in quarter ended June 30; India’s by 6.1 percent.
“If they get infrastructure investment rolling, we will see very high growth rates in the second half of this administration,” said James Castle, president of Jakarta- based business advisory services company CastleAsia. We “could get 8- 9 percent growth if they break the infrastructure logjam.”
Ministers had to sign contracts that detail their targets in the next five years. “I expect you all to fulfill them,” Yudhoyono said at a swearing-in ceremony today in Jakarta. “Prepare yourselves to think straight and work hard. It won’t be easy to achieve all of this in five years, but the people of Indonesia will know whether we have worked hard.”
One minister who has proved popular with market players is Sri Mulyani, 47, who was first made finance minister in 2005. She shook up bureaucrats with a new set of remuneration packages, restructured the tax office and cleaned government practices that can lead to graft. Euromoney named her as the Finance Minister of the Year in 2006.
Yudhoyono lured her away as an executive director at the International Monetary Fund to become planning minister in his first cabinet in October 2004. She relinquishes her post as coordinating minister for economic affairs, which she took on after her predecessor Boediono was appointed as central bank governor in 2008.
Former State Secretary Hatta Rajasa was named to that position.
The choice of Rajasa may be “a master stroke,” said Castle, who also heads the American Chamber of Commerce in Indonesia, where he has lived for more than three decades. “He’s very good at getting people to cooperate. If he brings those skills to bear, that should make the economic team’s job easier,” he said.
Before serving as state secretary, Rajasa was Yudhoyono’s transport minister. Rajasa, who led Yudhoyono’s re-election campaign, comes from the National Mandate Party and was the Muslim-based group’s secretary-general from 2000 until 2005. The former oilman also was his party’s parliamentary leader from 1999 to 2000.
Rajasa has “limited economic experience but it’s hoped he’ll be able to provide a political shield for economic ministers under him in the parliament,” said Fauzi Ichsan, chief economist at Standard Chartered Bank Plc in Jakarta.
Darwin Saleh, a lecturer of economics from Yudhoyono’s Democrat Party, was named energy minister. He has “insufficient experience in that field,” said Umar Juoro, a commissioner at PT Bank Internasional Indonesia Tbk. Saleh told reporters after his job interview with Yudhoyono that he was “ready to take the task,” arguing he handled financing issues in the oil sector when he was a banker in the 1990s.
“Partisan politics apparently still played a significant role in the assignment of other key ministerial posts,” said Helmi Arman, an economist at PT Bank Danamon Indonesia Tbk in Jakarta, in an e-mailed response to questions. The president must make sure “cabinet ministers don’t go their separate ways” and that they stick to the government’s agenda, he said.
New Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa, 46, is Indonesia’s most high-profile diplomat. Before he was appointed as representative to the United Nations in 2007, Natalegawa served as the country’s ambassador to the United Kingdom. His career began to rise when he was foreign affairs spokesman from 2002 until 2005, when Indonesia was under the spotlight after the 2002 Bali terrorist bombings.
Natalegawa spent his high school years in England and studied at the London School of Economics and Political Sciences and University of Cambridge before receiving a doctorate degree from the Australian National University in 1993.
The Democrat Party, which held 10 percent of parliament during Yudhoyono’s first term, almost tripled its share to 148 seats in April 9 legislative elections, making it the biggest party in the 560-strong body.
Yudhoyono’s coalition controls 75 percent of parliament after Golkar, the second-largest party in the house, joined the grouping following the election of Aburizal Bakrie on Oct. 8 as party chairman. Bakrie served in the president’s first- term team as chief social welfare minister.
Saham Astra dan Bakrie Peloroti Indeks
Kamis, 22 Oktober 2009 | 17:28 WIB
TEMPO Interaktif, Jakarta – Indeks harga saham gabungan di Bursa Efek Indonesia pada Kamis (22/10) ini mendapat rapor merah setelah mengalami penurunan untuk ketiga kalinya secara berturut-turut akibat terkoreksinya bursa Wall Street yang diikuti ambruknya bursa regional.
Buruknya kinerja bursa Jakarta ini diwarnai oleh terperosoknya dua saham favorit, Astra International dan Bumi Resources, sehingga pada perdagangan Kamis indeks harga saham ditutup ke level 2.433,184, atau terpangkas 43,613 poin (1,76 persen) dibandingkan penutupan sehari sebelumnya di level 2.476,797.
Harga saham Astra International merosot Rp 1.150 menjadi Rp 31.350 per lembar, disusul Astra Agro Lestari jatuh Rp 750 (Rp 21.750), United Tractor merosot Rp 700 (Rp 15.700, Indocement melorot Rp 450 (Rp 11.100), Bank BRI jatuh Rp 300 (Rp 7.400), Unilever turun Rp 250 (Rp 10.500), Bumi Resources melemah Rp 175 (Rp 2.650), serta Bank Mandiri tergelincir Rp 75 (Rp 4.575).
Sebanyak 171 saham mengalami kejatuhan, dan hanya 36 saham yang berhasil naik, dan 57 saham harganya stagnan. Investor asing mencatat penjualan bersih Rp 531,5 miliar. Volume perdagangan lebih dari 4 miliar saham, dengan nilai mencapai Rp 5,1 triliun, dan frekuensi transaksi mencapai 96,8 ribu kali.
Analis saham dari PT Sinarmas Sekuritas, Alfiansyah, mengemukakan turunnya indeks Dow Jones di bawah level 10 ribu imbas dari kekhawatiran faktor finansial, serta ekonomi Cina yang tumbuh terlalu cepat sehingga menimbulkan spekulasi bahwa pemerintah Cina akan mengetatkan kebijakan moneternya. “Kejatuhan indeks kali ini lebih banyak dipengaruhi oleh faktor global,” ucapnya.
Menurut Alfian, saham kelompok Astra dan Bakrie menjadi motor pendorong penurunan indeks. Saham kelompok Astra yang dalam beberapa waktu sebelumnya naik cukup tajam, kali ini mengalami tekanan jual dari investor guna merealisasikan keuntungan yang telah diperoleh. Secara valuasi harga-harga saham unggulan memang sudah sangat mahal, karena indeks pun juga naik sangat tinggi sepanjang tahun ini.
Diumumkannya susunan komposisi kabinet kemarin sebenarnya tidak banyak berpengaruh terhadap lantai bursa, karena sudah hasilnya dapat diperkirakan sebelumnya dari informasi yang beredar dari media cetak maupun televisi. “Harapan akan adanya satu kejutan dengan ditundanya pengumuman kabinet yang bisa direspon positif pasar, ternyata tidak ada,” ucap dia.
Dan investor pun cenderung melepas saham setelah beritanya keluar (sell on news). “Penurunan indeks kali ini juga tidak terlepas dari terdepresiasinya rupiah hingga 9.500 seiring menguatnya dolar AS terhadap mata uang global,” ujar Alfian yang memprediksikan Jumat besok bursa masih dipengaruhi faktor global dan akan bergerak dengan kisaran antara 2.388 hingga 2.476.
VIVA B. KUSNANDAR